My town and its surrounding

1) Introduction
•    it is lied in Moravian gate, in region Nový Jičín
•    there live 23 000 inhabitants
•    our town is famous because of car company Tatra, a.s.
•    mark: it is divided into 2 parts one is red and the second is white, it is because Kopřivnice is lied between White mountain and mountain Red stone, in the middle is gold carriage and in white half is leaf of nettle (= kopřiva)

2) History
•    first we know about life here is in older stone age because of archaeological discoveries around today Kopřivnice
•    very important was discovery of jaw-bone of Neanderthal’s child in 1880 by profesor Maška in cave Šipka, Neanderthal’s child lived in 40 000 years before Christ
•    Kopřivnice lies in Moravian gate, it was centre between Baltic and Střední sea because of business
•    in 13th century people started settle this land and our town started grow
-    when feudalists built castle Šostýn, Kopřivnice became settlement (=osada)
•    Kopřinice’s settlement was in Middle age under control of the other towns
•    the first turning point (= přelom) was in 1812 – the factory for stoneware (= kamenina) was established
-    founder was Ignác Raška
-    production was reduced through world wars
-    in 1962 factory was abandoned
•    the second turning point (= přelom) was in 1850, when Ignác Schustala established first manufactory
-    he built carriages
-    in 1897 the first car President was built in Kopřivnice, it was the first car in Middle Europe 
-    car’s exams (if everything is OK) were in High Tatra and people who are living here say: “Look, Tatra!” and factory like it
•    in 1910 Kopřivnice promoted (= povýšena) to village
•    in 1935 Kopřivnice was occupied and it was changed the name to Nesselsdorf
•    in 1945 Tatra factory was nationalized by Soviet army
•    in 1948 Kopřivnice promoted (= povýšena) to town
-    in this year there were 6 000 inhabitants and after 50 years there were 21 500 inhabitants
-    there was more schools, shops, health services, culture and so one

3) Interests
•    there is church of Saint Bartoloměj – wonderful and modern, it was rebuilt recently, at Christmas we are going here midnight celebration
 •    there is very small square – it is square of T.G. Masaryk, in the middle of square is statue of him made by brass
 •    really wonderful is building of basic school Náměstí, it is white and in Baroque style
 •    very old building is Marionette theatre (= Loutkové divadlo) it is in Renaissance style and a roof is decorated by wood
 •    there is park of Edvard Beneš, there are carrousels, swings for children and building in Baroque style where you can buy ice cream and cold beer in summer, you can sit there and relaxed

•    in centre of town
-    fountain, you can sit around and relaxed
-    House of culture – there is culture actions, balls, concerts, on 2nd floor, there is library, cinema
-    there are shops like chemist, stationer's shop, florist, silver and gold and sweetshop (I love it, they have 15 kinds of ice cream, desserts, great coffee and it is one place in region Nový Jičín, where they have Bananas or Strawberry milk shake)
-    there is Hotel, it name is Tatra, on 1st floor is restaurant (very elegant for celebration) and on 2nd floor is solarium, manicure and cosmetic salon
-    and last is Tatra
        in 1897 the first car President was built in Kopřivnice, it was the first car in Middle Europe, year later was built the first truck here and in 1934 there was established air department,
        Tatra have produced only trucks since 1998
        it is very successful because of army orders (= armádní objedávky)

•    there are museums
 -    Technical museum – it was built in 1997, it is very modern, it shows all history of Tatra, the car President, trucks, planes, projects of cars, prize in competition,
-    part of Technical museum is exhibition Emil and Dana Zátopkovi, there are their autobiographies, prizes, medals, there is documentary film too, it is long 14 minutes and 6 seconds, because it was his record for 5km
-    Fojtství museum – the oldest building in Kopřivnice, it was rebuilt in 1985 by Tatra, Ignác Schustala established first manufactory in this house in 1850

•    sports and activities
 -    swimming pool – there are 2 basins and one small for children, meadow for sunbathing or play football, there is beach volleyball (we played it all summer with friend), switchback (= tobogan) and refreshment of course
-    covered swimming pool too, with sauna, solarium, massages
-    minigolf (I don’t like it)
-    summer stadium – there are football and athletic trainings, motocross races, in this day there is U-ramp for skateboarders
-    ice stadium – there are ice skating and ice-hockey trainings
-    Bubla city ranch – it is very modern and young, there are horses and celebrations
-    squash, bowling, fitness, cycling, tennis court, handball gym and stadium
(I was athlete and I have trainings on our summer stadium and in winter we were in gym, my brother is handball player, he is 13-year-old, Kopřivnice is known like handball town too)

•    town and villages around us
 -    Štramberk it is 4 km away, there live my grandparent, my grandfather was born here and he say: “It is town of wood and hills”, its nick is Moravian Bethlehem, there is Trúba and cave Šipka, my grandmother prepare the best Štramberks ears
-    Ženklava it is 6 km away, there live my second grandparent, I like it very much, our house here and our garden
-    Lubina – it is a part of Kopřivnice, there is industrial park – there are a lot of factories (my mother works here and I have brigade-work here)
•    native of Kopřivnice
Emil Zátopek
-    was born on 19th September 1922 in Kopřivnice
-    he is Czech athlete, 4 times Olympic winner, 8 times world record holder, the best athlete of 20th century
-    he works in Baťa factory and he let him to run on one race – he was the 2nd
-    he started with athletic but he didn’t win, he prepared own training plane (I try to used it to, when I was athlete, it was horrible)
-    he married with Dana Ingrová (she was born in the same date and year like him), she was throwing the javelin (= hod oštěpěm)
-    on one Olympic Games he won 3 gold medals – it was first time in sport’s history
-    he dead on 21st November 2000 in Prague
-    my basic school name after him and I shook hand with him
Zdeněk Burian
-    was born on 11th February 1905 in Kopřivnice
-    he was 14-year-old and they got him to Academy of Graphic Art to 2nd class
-    in 16 he became illustrator
-    he created 10 000 pictures – for books, calendars, magazines, he illustrated book wrapper of Jules Verne, Karel Maye, Jack London, Jaroslav Foglar and so on
-    with Josef Augusta he started to draw extinct animals and plant
-    in this day, he is the most important illustrator of primeval ages on the world
-    he dead on 1st July 1981 in Prague

Course of Life, Autobiography, Friends

•    I was born in Nový Jičín on 23rd April 1989 (the same date when was born Shakespeare and the same date when England celebrate St. George’s Day)
•    I have 2 halfbrothers and 2 stepbrothers but in reality I am only child
•    my parents were together 5 years before me but they were 20 and 22-year-old when I was born, they were so young
•    they divorced when I was 5
•    I live with my mother, stepfather and halfbrother in Kopřivnice

1) The person who really influenced my life
•    is my mum
•    she is the best person who I know, when I was child she loved me, when I am older she is my best friend (I can talk with her about everything: about my boyfriend, about my dad, about school, about my problems)
•    my mum wanted to be seller and now she is worker in factory, but she is so clever
•    judge said I would live with my mother and I would be with father once a 2 weeks
•    my father had the other family and though I was small I knew I was surplus – I stopped to go there
•    I started to be with my mum and stepfather and my small halfbrother was born
•    there are days when we quarrel and sometime I say myself: “Mum, you are horrible I don’t want to be like you.”
•    I am on this world 19 years and one person who was with me all the time is my mum

2) Family
•    ideal family:
-    when children are small parents love them and nurture them
-    when children are older parents help them in school and praise them for marks
-    when children aren’t children, but “almost” adult parents must be your friends
-    one a week you are with your grandparents
-    now and again you must quarrel because it’s important say what is bad
•    to be a child
-    see only advantages: you go to kindergarten, you haven’t duties (in grammar school you haven’t so much duties too), you can bother but mummy said: “It’s OK, she is small.”
-    you can eat a lot of sweets and if you didn’t eat a lunch, mummy said: “It’s OK, she is small.”
-    your grandparents cocker up you very much
-    some disadvantages: you can’t drink alcohol, smoke cigarettes, go to club but when your are child you don’t need it
•    ideal size for family
-    ideal size for family is 4 people, parents and 2 children, because cars are for 4 people, holiday is for 4 people (they write: room for 3 people and 1 additional bed
-    we are 4 people at home, me, my mum, halfbrother and my stepfather
-    me and my halfbrother, his mane is Joseph, we have the same mum, but we have different fathers
-    my father live in Bartošovice with his wife, she has 2 children from the first marriage, they are twins and 20-year-old, and my father and his wife (I say her: aunt) they have children, he is my halfbrother too and his name is David
-    want to have 3 children, I want to have twins and after 5 years have the last children
•    full-time jobs
-    in this days is typical women have jobs like men, when children are small, she must be home with child I think, when child is 3-year-old mother can get him to kindergarten and go to work
-    in same families where are 3 children or more, where isn’t father or when father has low wage, mother must go to work
-    when mother can go to work like men or fathers, it’s better, family have more money by month, but it can’t be at the expense of (= na úkor) family
•    adults know what is best for children
-    who is adult?
-    by law you are adult in 18 years but you are not prepare for children
-    by biology you are prepare for children between 20 and 30 years
-    today is typical have children between 35 and 40 years or haven’t children
-    people are prepare when they have flat or house, funding (= fin. zajištění) and love
-    when are people prepare for children, they have a time for them and they know what the best for them
•    qualities of partner
-    my partner is Ondra for 3 years
-    it isn’t original I know but he is clever, frank, nice, sportsman, no drink, no smoke, he wants children, he understand me, he hear me when I have a problem and help me, he can set me laughing
-    he is a little bit shy but now it is better
-    he learn me relaxed and don’t learn 24 hours
-    I learn him to learn and to be not so shy
3) Friends
•    friend is person who is frank, talkative, I can talk him everything and he says it nobody, he can set me laughing, he help me, go with me everywhere
•    friend is very important for all people on the world
-    if you are child you need friend for playing a games
-    if you are older you need friend for talk about problems
-    if you are adult you need friend because you are all time with family or with your boyfriend, you need talk about girls problem (make up, nice boys, small babies, ugly collaborator from work)
-    I prefer one best friend before a lot of usual friends
-    one of my best friend is Soňa, I know her 13 years, she is very clever, nice, frank and amusing, she help me and heart me when I have a problem


•    is celebrating on the 31 October
•    from Hallowe’en – old Celtic word for Hallows evening

•    Celtic News Year was on the 31 October, Celts (ancestors of Irish, Scottish and Welsh) believed ghosts and witches are free, they walk and mingle with living
•    townspeople baked food all that day for them, in the evening dressed – resemble dead soul
•    but Christianity – 31October isn’t last day in year → celebration for children
•    in 1840s Irish people have gone to USA and it started to celebrate in USA too

•    witches flying on broom, cats, ghosts, goblins, skeletons, spiders

•    children dress costumes like witch, ghosts, skeleton, but supermen, batman too

•    adult go to work and children go to school and at the evening children dress to costumes and adult (parents) stay at home
•    children come from door to door and say: “trick or treat “ – it means give me something or I will make dirty your house (ketchup, eggs) and adult give them sweets
•    people play game bobbing – prepare basket with water and apples, get hands behind back and try to take by mouth apples from water

•    take knife and cut top of pumpkin
•    put over what is inside and seeds too
•    cut out eyes, mouth, nose
•    put top on pumpkin
•    now it isn’t pumpkin but jack-o’-lantern
•    can put inside candle or sweets

places Prague

Krizik’s Fountain
•    the biggest sight of Výstaviště, European unique
•    at the end of 19. century František Křižík built Krizik’s Fountain on the occasion of anniversary industrial exhibition (where they exposed electric, modern and industrial news)
•    100 years later (at the end of 20. century) it was rebuilt
•    some numbers:
­    3000 nozzles
­    1250 water lights with a lot of colours
­    2 km pipes
•    computer has control over program,
•    program it means light, water and music
•    it can be only music (music of classical or modern authors) or music and dance together – dance it mean mostly ballet
•    program can watch 6000 people

•    Prague holologe is best-know horologe on the world
•    it’s on south wall of Old-Town Town Hall (staroměstká radnice)
•    build in 1410
•    there are 3 parts:
1.    astronomical part
2.    calendar
3.    figures

1.    astronomical part
­    there is location sun and month, moon period (growing, full moon, leaving)
­    clock face show old czech time too
­    zodiac – star sky, zodiac turns around one of day
2.    calendar
­    at the end of 19. century – there is new calendar – author is Mánes
­    there are pictures of all 12 month, on picture there are work in village
­    it’s around calendar, not hand
3.    figures
­    every hour in 2 windows appear 12 apostles – sv. Petr, Matěj, Jan , Ondřej (kříž ve tvaru X), Filip, Jakub, sv. Pavel, sv. Tomáš, sv. Šimon, sv. Tadeáš, sv. Bartoloměj a sv. Barnabáš

Master Hanuš built Horologe and councilmen were afrait he can built it for the other town. At the evening they have come and blinded him. He knew it was their plan and he has gone inside Horologe and he has taken hand inside to machine and stopped it for 100 years.

Vyšehrad’s burial-place
•    at church st. Peter and Paul on Vyšehrad
•    it was built in 13. centuries and in 19. centuries it happened burial-place czech personalities
•    the most famous common crypt – Slavín (there are f.e. Myslbek, Zeyer, Sládek, Vrchliclý, Hynais)
•    composers: f.e. Smetana, Dvořák
•    singer: Destinová
•    writers: Čapek, Neruda, Němcová
•    actor: Burian
•    scientist: Křižík etc.

Plot of Washington, DC

•    introduction
•    was chosen by G. Washington
•    600 000 people
•    District of Columbia
•    centre of legislative, administrative and judicial
•    1,2,3 → N-S, A,B,C → E-W, major avenues after some of the 50 states
•    The US Capitol – seat of Congress, the House of Representatives and the Senate
•    The Pantagon – the centre of military forces
•    The Library of Congress – the nation's oldest federal cultural institution, 29 milion books, 12 million
 photographs, 4.8 million maps, and 58 million manuscripts
•    The Mall – park, Capitol-Washington Monument, 7 Smithsonian Instution museums: National Air and Space Museum
•    The Washington Monument – white obelisk, marble, 45m
•    The Jefferson Memorial – bronze staue of Jefferson (stand), outside are cherry trees (City Tokyo presented to DC)
•    The Lincoln Memorial – Greek temple, 36 columns, white marble statue (seated)
•    The White House – residence of President, 132 rooms
•    Arlington National Cemetery – Veterans buried there, Kennedy Memorial Grave
•    Vietnam Veterans Memorial – people, who dead in Vietnam War, polished black granite walls
•    Democratic – donkey, Republicant - elephant

Plot of New York City:
•    introduction
•    history – indians → Dutchmans → New Yorkers
•    nicknames: melting pot, big apple and city, that never sleep
•    inhabitants + surround
•    5 parts
•    rivers
•    avenues → N-S, streets → E-W, 5th avenue – fashion, Wall street, Broodway – theater
•    skyscraper
•    traffic transport
•    famous place (Empire State Building, Central park, Macy – world’s largest store)


This film is a war drama. It is in 80’s and 90’s years of 18th century when 13 American colonies want to separate from Great Britain and they fight because of it. On July 4, 1776 Congress accepted Declaration of Independence but Great Britain did not accept it and sent soldiers to American colonies.
In the beginning Benjamin Martin is father of wonderful family, he lives with his 7 children on his farm. But war starts and his oldest children Gabriel enters the forces. Martin was in war and he does not go there, because he knows what it is.
One day Gabriel returns but because of the war is in front of their farm. At the morning Martin nurses American and British soldiers too. But colonel Tavigton (British army) burns his farm, kills his second oldest son Thomas and he wants to halter Gabriel. Martin kills all soldiers and he sets free Gabriel, when they lead away him.
Aunt Charlotte looks after the children and Martin and Gabriel go to war. Martin becomes a colonel and he and Gabriel try to get soldiers for home defence. Gabriel meets his love. He is married her.
Home defence with Martin win a lot of battles and Tavington’s major is angry. He lets Tavington hurts the home defence’s families and Tavington kills them and Gabriels’s wife too.
Gabriel and the other men are angry and they aggress on Tavington and his soldiers. They fight and Tavington kills Gabriel.
The last and the biggest battle is in Yorktown, where Americans win. After that the French come and help Americans. The war is over and all of them are starting new life.

Mel Gibson (Benjamin Martin) is excellent actor; he is great like a father, like a patriot and like soldier. You believe him, he loves his family, he likes his friends and he is furious avenger.
Heath Ledger (Gabriel Martin) is in background of Mel Gibson, only like a son of 7 children, but after that he fallen in love and there he starts to be important not only like a son but like a husband of one girl and the other family.
Jason Isaacs (colonel Tavigton) is demonology, he makes everything for success and satisfaction with dead pan and sometimes I thought, he is immortal but at the end he died (thank God!).
Joely Richardson (aunt Charlotte), she is wonderful and unwed woman (untypical in this time), who look after sister’s children and fallen in love with Martin. She is loving and brave mother all film.
Dialogues were funny, realistic and now and then emotive or instructive.
There are wonderful houses, churches and all villages, costumes are excellent and the big crowd is great.
I have read about it and it says: It is stupid, false and romantic drama where Mel Gibson argues into all Americans and they won. It is only for Americans.
I don’t think so it is wonderful part of history. It is not documentary film about war; it is drama and war film. The man, who lost 2 sons and a lot of friends, he wants win for better future. He wants to defeat men who are bad people and avenges oneself.
In this film, there is something for everybody: romantic, patriotism, action, funny, exciting and so one. I can recommend it.


Throughout the United States and Canada Thanksgiving Day is an annual (každoroční) legal holiday. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November in the United States and on the second Monday in October in Canada. There are also (také) Thanksgiving holidays celebrated every year in Japan, South Korea, the Philippines, Laos, Liberia, Puerto Rico, Guam, Grenada, and the Virgin Islands.
As celebrated in the United States, Thanksgiving was originally a harvest (žně, sklizeň) festival, one of the oldest and most widespread (rozšířený) of celebrations. The American holiday commemorates (připomínají) a harvest (žně, sklizeň) celebration held by the Pilgrims of Plymouth colony in 1621.
The Pilgrims had come ashore (na souš) from the Mayflower on Dec. 21, 1620 (see `Mayflower' ; Plymouth, Mass .). The winter had been heartbreaking (srdcervoucí). Only about half the original group had survived. Fortunately the harvest (žně, sklizeň) was good. There were 20 acres (8 hectares) of the strange Indian corn, for which the Indians had furnished seeds (zařídit semena). There were also barley (ječmen) and plenty (hojnost) of meat. Governor William Bradford sent four men to hunt (hon) for fowl (slepice). They returned with enough waterfowl and wild turkeys to last a week. Fishermen brought in cod (legrace) and bass (okoun). Indian hunters contributed five deer (lovci přinesli 5 jelenů). Ninety Indians, with their chief, Massasoit, feasted (hostil) with the colonists for three days.
The date of the feast (svátek) is not known. Bradford wrote in his history `Of Plimoth Plantation' that on September 18 some men set out (vyrazit) in a small boat for Massachusetts Bay to trade with the Indians. The harvest was gathered after they returned. The feast must have occurred before December 11. It was described in a letter written on that date by Edward Winslow.
There is also no record that the feast was called a "thanksgiving." Appointing (jmenováni) certain (jistý, spolehlivý) days for giving special thanks was a custom of the Puritans, but the first record of such a day was two years later in 1623. Then the Pilgrims "set apart a day of thanksgiving" for rain that ended a terrible drought.
President Abraham Lincoln. On Oct. 3, 1863, during the Civil War, Lincoln proclaimed a national day of thanksgiving to be celebrated on Thursday, November 26 and he declared thangsgiving a holiday. He also named the last Thursday in November as the day to be observed every year.
Lincoln and every president who followed him proclaimed the holiday each year. The date chosen, with few exceptions, was the last Thursday in November. President Franklin D. Roosevelt thought Thanksgiving fell too close to Christmas. In 1939 he proclaimed the third Thursday Thanksgiving Day. Not all states complied, however. In December 1941 a joint resolution (rozhodnutí, řešení) of Congress specified the fourth Thursday in November (which is not always the last Thursday) as Thanksgiving Day.  
First and foremost (především), turkey is usually the featured (rys) item on any Thanksgiving feast (svátek) table (so much so that Thanksgiving is sometimes referred to as "Turkey Day"). Stuffing, mashed (rozmačkané) potatoes with gravy (omáčka), sweet potatoes, cranberry sauce, Indian corn, other fall vegetables, and pumpkin pie are commonly associated with Thanksgiving dinner. 
Thanksgiving, Den díkůvzdání se ve Spojených státech slaví čtvrtý listopadový čtvrtek, následující den je také volno. Ve Spojených státech se některé svátky slaví přesně na den (Den nezávislosti, Vánoce), jiné (Labor day, Martin Luther King) jsou stanoveny na den v týdnu měsíce (podobně jako české Velikonoce, i když u těch je to ještě složitější) a často spojeny s několikadenními prázdninami.
Původně jsem myslel, že Thanksgiving souvisí s přistáním otců poutníků  (Pilgrim Fathers) na Mayflower k americkému břehu v Plymouth 21. prosince 1620. Poté, co jsem zjistil, že v Kanadě slaví Thanksgiving druhé říjnové pondělí jsem byl ještě více zmaten, takže jsem využil služeb mého oblíbeného zdroje, Compton's Encyklopedia Online a zjistil jak to tedy je. Thanksgiving byl původně dožínkovou slavností, připomínající velkou žranici na podzim 1621, kdy se poutníci po třeskuté zimě, kterou přežila pouhá polovina poutníků dočkali bohatých úlovků a sklizně z políček osetých osivem věnovaným Indiány (ti také přinesli 5 jelenů). Název 'thansgiving' se objevuje dva roky poté; zda byl použit už při původní hostině není jisté.